The homemade injectable drug, called Krokodil in Russia, is actually a Desomorphine produced from red phosphorus (from strike pads of matchboxes), lighter fluid, hydrochloric acid, paint thinner, gasoline, iodine and codeine. Though easy to produce (through cooking of all named ingredients), this drug is contaminated with many different poisonous and corrosive byproducts, making it highly impure.
Derived from morphine, Desomorphine or Dihydrodesoxymorphine, was invented in the US in 1932; compared to morphine, however, this drug is proven to be more powerful and dangerous. In Russia, Krokodil was introduced only in 2002; it immediately gained popularity due to its swifter destruction of the user’s body, mind and spirit.
Since the liquid (by-product of cooked ingredients) is immediately injected into the body without being purified first, the drug’s effects have included phlebitis or injury to the veins, severe tissue damage and gangrene.
Krokodil actually got its name from the crocodile-like skin the user develops after taking it. If injected into flesh, though, when the vein is missed during injection, it can cause abscess. Amputation has been the solution to save some users from gangrene; in others, however, body parts affected by the drug just rot off, leaving the person’s bones bare.
Those who plan on using krokodil should know that the effects of withdrawing from the drug are much worse than withdrawing from heroin. Unbearable pain can last for a month. Doctors agree that krakodil causes the strongest level of addiction and, among many kinds of drugs, is the hardest to cure.Read More
We have all heard the horror stories associated with using silicone implants in breast augmentation. Newer techniques involve the use of saline implants, but while it is considered safer, the same problems of breast pain, infection and the possibility of a rupture are still there, resulting in unseemly changes in breast contour and necessary surgery to remove the implants. The notion of fat transfer in breast augmentation seems to be the best possible solution to this esthetic and medical dilemma.
Fat transfer is not a new concept in soft tissue repair. The technique of using a person’s own abdominal fat to improve the shape or contour of the face has been around since as far back as 1893. However, modern fat transfer techniques for facial reconstruction were developed only in the 1980s with the rise of the popularity of liposuction.
Using aspirated fat refined by centrifuge to injection-quality fat (autologous adipocyte fat) as a filler for the face was just the first step to reusing the by-products of liposuction. As a breast filler, there was considerable resistance from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) when it was first proposed in the early 1980s because it was untested, and it was difficult to distinguish between fat nodules and cysts in a radiograph. Improved technology, however, has put sped to these concerns, and the ASPS finally lifted the ban in mid-2012. Women could now opt to go for the more natural way in increasing their breast size without having to worry about undergoing major surgery or future complications such as leaks, ruptures and infections.
Moreover, plastic surgeons now require fat transfer candidates to undergo a 6-week pre-expansion regimen using a special suction bra that would gently pull on the breast with vacuum pressure, gradually increasing the internal space available for the filler. At the same time, the vacuum pressure encourages the development of a fibrovascular scaffold that serves as a framework for the injected fillers.
The method is relatively new, and not all patients fit the profile for it. But for good candidates, it is the ideal workaround for breast cancer survivors and other patients who prefer a less invasive procedure, and a softer, more natural-looking pair.Read More
Three years after the tragedy, the Gulf of Mexico is still not oil-free. After the accident from the Deepwater Horizon oil rig which killed 11 people last 2010, the disaster has been deemed as the United States’ worst oil spill in history and it has affected not only the economy but most importantly the livelihood and wildlife habitat surrounding the Gulf area.
The BP oil spill was estimated to have spilled 4.3 million barrels of oil into the ocean, endangering not only the fragile ocean ecosystem, but also the beaches and livelihood of people that support themselves through fishing around the area. Public health concerns have been on focus for people who may have direct contact with the oil and the chemical dispersants used to help control it. Because of the strength of crude oil and the toxicity of the dispersants, scientists are still monitoring the health of workers and volunteers that have helped clean the oil spill and its direct effect to their health.
The tourism industry, particularly cruise ships, doesn’t seem to be as affected. There are still a lot of cruise ships that go through the Gulf of Mexico, and recently there has been news regarding a well-know cruise ship being stranded in the Gulf because of a fire breaking in the engine room. Although the fire was immediately put out and no one was hurt, these can often give way to cruise ship accidents. Reports of passengers sleeping on deck, lack of proper restrooms and air conditioning, and little food and water can put the passenger’s health at risk. The BP Oil spill may not have a direct effect on the cruise ship, but it still poses a threat to anyone there.
Despite the ongoing cruise ships that still go through the Gulf of Mexico, the oil spill has a huge effect to the people and ecosystem there. The coastal regions may have to endure the trouble for a significant amount of time before it can be back to its old self, and researchers and scientists as still monitoring the long term effects of the oil spill to the people, habitat, and animals living there.Read More
Truck accidents are one of the most dangerous disasters that can happen on the road. Their sheer size can make the damage they give enormous with significant injuries to other motorists. Avoiding such accidents from happening is the best way to keep you safe: aside from being a defensive driving, properly following road rule and regulations should be religiously practiced.
Truck drivers may have to double up their safety measures, since they carry and transport products for commercial use in long distances. This could mean they have to be in focus all the time, making sure they are in good mental and physical health to make the long haul. However, despite these strict safety measures, there are still many truck accidents that occur, and many of these accidents occur because of poor loading.
A truck’s load can be an important factor in an accident: inappropriate or uneven loading could take the balance out of the truck, making it harder to maneuver. This is often the reason why trucks to top over in open roads, and even stay upright. Improper loading can also cause the products to fall of the truck, causing the motorist behind the truck to get hit or get into an accident. There are many accidents that happened because of this.
According to the law firm of Habush Habush & Rottier S.C. ®, it may be difficult to know who file a lawsuit against during a truck accident: will it be against the driver, truck company, manufacturers, or other people concerned. There are factors that need to be proven in order to have a solid compensation claim, and gathering evidence is just the beginning.
Truck accidents cause serious damages and injuries, which is why there has been specific laws pertaining to commercial truck drivers. Motorist should be aware that anything can happen whenever they get behind the wheel, therefore it is not enough to drive safely. Motorists should also be vigilant of other motorist on the road, and report those who they think are driving with negligence.Read More
Even with the Fair and Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), there are still cases of company employers not giving proper compensation and other benefits to their workers. Although it has been one of the oldest and established laws regarding labor and work compensation, it is also one of the many laws that many employers lest abide by. It may not be intentional and merely a problem of miscommunication, but on a recent reports from the National Economic Research Associates, about half a billion dollars (US$ 467 million, to be precise) for settling the lawsuits connected with wages and overtime last 2012. It’s really a big deal, actually, for both employers and employees.
One of the most common problems that employers come across is overtime pay disputes with their workers. Many employers don’t really understand which workers are eligible for overtime pay, and these issues often lead to FLSA violations. If the employers are investigated to have deliberately not complied with FLSA, they can be subject to criminal prosecution as well as fines. A second offense can put them in prison.
Workers’ compensation is another benefit that many employers seem to take away from their workers. This type of benefit is given if a worker has been injured on the job, and it is to cover for medical expenses and lost wages for missed work. The problem is that is takes a lot of time and effort before an injured worker can get their compensation.
Because of the importance of complying with these FLSA regulations you may think that employers understand them very clearly, but it is not always the case. To avoid future lawsuits and FLSA conflicts, employers should understand who are eligible for overtime and who are not, and they should be aware of state laws regarding wages and working hours. Having regular audits and payroll (and job classification) reviews can help track workers’ hours and if they are following company procedures. Also, paying close attention to union employees can prevent trouble. Overall, employers have the responsibility to know the workings of their companies and how they pay their workers to avoid paying fines or even going to jail because of some errors that can be prevented.Read More
Medical malpractice is more than just physicians or medical professionals not upholding the standard of care to their patients. There are many ways a patient can get hurt because of a doctor’s medical error. Failing to diagnose a patients’ illness, misdiagnosing it, or even having delayed diagnosis can all account as medical malpractice, especially if the patient’s illness is life-threatening.
Patients who have been through such ordeals can file lawsuits against the doctor and even the hospital for putting their lives in danger. Anyone who has suffered from wrong or delayed diagnosis can go through unnecessary drug prescriptions, surgeries, or treatments. This can put a strain on their already frail health, and put them in more health risks. Not only are they draining on the mental, physical and emotional strength, they can be hard on the budget as well.
Misprescribing and over-prescribing are also part of medical errors, and they can be basis for medical malpractice lawsuits. Most of the mis-precribe and over-prescribe errors are due to doctors misdiagnosing their patients real ailments. Taking drugs or treatments meant for another type of malady can make the patient sicker and expose them to other health complications. Taking action against such medical errors can help prevent future patients from suffering the same fate, and to get compensation for all the damages that the patients have suffered.
Along the lines of unnecessary drug prescriptions, many patients have sued the makers of Zoloft for the drugs’ ineffectiveness. Pfizer, the manufacturers of the anti-depression drug, have been served a class action lawsuit for allegedly deceiving patients and doctors about its effectiveness against depression while masking potential Zoloft dangers. Arguments state that Zoloft performs no better than a placebo, and are only causing further side effects for patients battling depression.
Even minor medical errors can have a big impact on the lives of patients, which is why it is vital for medical professionals to provide the highest standard of care. Negligence, especially on the medicine world, can be dangerous, because they are the ones that handle the health of their patients. Those who have been negligent should be held accountable for their actions.Read More